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1. Cách dùngthì hiện tại hoàn thànhtrong tiếng Anh

1.1. Thì hiện tại hoàn thành được dùng để nói về các sự việc vừa mới xảy ra và hậu quả của nó vẫn còn ảnh hưởng đến hiện tại

Ví dụ:

I’ve broken my watch so I don’t know what time it is.

Tôi đã làm vỡ đồng hồ nên tôi không biết bây giờ là mấy giờ.

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They have cancelled the meeting.

Họ đã hủy buổi họp.

She’s taken my copy. I don’t have one.

Cô ấy đã lấy bản của tôi. Tôi không có cái nào.

The sales team has doubled its turnover.

Phòng kinh doanh đã tăng doanh số bán hàng lên gấp đôi.

1.2. Khi nói về sự việc mới diễn ra gần đây, dùng các từ như ‘just’ ‘already’ hay ‘yet’

We’ve already talked about that.

Chúng ta đã nói về việc đó.


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She hasn’t arrived yet.

Cô ấy vẫn chưa đến.

I’ve just done it.

Tôi vừa làm việc đó.


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Bài tập thì hiện tại hoàn thành có đáp án
I ………..just (decide)……… to start working next week.He (be)…………. at his computer for seven hours.She (not/ have) ……………any fun a long time.My father (not/ play)……….. any sport since last year.I’d better have a shower. I (not/ have)………. one since Thursday.I don’t live with my family now and we (not/ see)…………. each other for five years.I…… just (realize)…………… that there are only four weeks to the end of term.The train drivers (go)……… on strike and they stopped working at twelve o’clock.How long…….. (you/ know)………. each other?……….(You/ take)………… many photographs?(She/ eat)………………. at the Royal Hotel yet?He (live) ………….here all his life..Is this the second time he (lose)……………. his job?How many bottles………… the milkman (leave) ………….? He (leave) ……….. six.I (buy)…………. a new carpet. Come and look at it.She (write)………….. three poems about her fatherland.We (finish) ……………………three English courses.School (not, start)……………..yet.Bài tập 2: Chuyển đổi từ hiện tại hoàn thành sang quá khứ đơn (và ngược lại)This is the first time he went abroad.

-> He hasn’t………………………………………………………………………………..

She started driving 1 month ago.

-> She has………………………………………………………………………………..

We began eating when it started to rain.

-> We have………………………………………………………………………………….

I last had my hair cut when I left her.

-> I haven’t……………………………………………………………………………………

The last time she kissed me was 5 months ago.

-> She hasn’t…………………………………………………………………………………

It is a long time since we last met.

-> We haven’t…………………………………………………………………………………

When did you have it?

-> How long……………………………………………………………………………………

This is the first time I had such a delicious meal.

-> I haven’t…………………………………………………………………………………….

I haven’t seen him for 8 days.

-> The last……………………………………………………………………………………

I haven’t taken a bath since Monday.

-> It is……………………………………………………………………………………………

Bài tập 3:Chia các động từ trong ngoặc ra thì simple past hoặc present perfectWe (study)……………a very hard lesson the day before yesterday.We (study)…………………………………………almost every lesson in this book so far.We (watch)……………………..that television program.We (watch)…………………an interesting program on television last night.My wife and I………………………………….(travel) by air many times in the pastMy wife and I (travel)……………………………. to Mexico by air last summerI (read)………………that novel by Hemingway several times before.I (read)…………………….that novel again during my last vacation.I (have)…………………….a little trouble with my car last week.However, I (have)……………………. no trouble with my car since then.Bài tập 4: Khoanh tròn đáp án đúng

1. When ____________ the school?

A) have you joined

B) did you joined

C) did you join

D) have you ever joined

2. _____________ in England?

A) Did you ever worked

B) Have you ever worked

C) Worked you

D) Didn’t you have worked

3. That’s the best speech _________

B) I never heard

B) I didn’t hear

C) I used to hear

D) I’ve ever heard

4. He’s the most difficult housemate _____________________

A) I never dealt with.

B) I never had to deal with.

C) I’ve ever had to deal with.

D) I’ve never had to deal with

5. ______ to him last week.

A) I spoke

B) I’ve already spoken

C) I didn’t spoke

D) I speaked

6. _____a contract last year and it is still valid.

A) We have signed

B) We signed

C) We haven’t signed

D) We have sign

7. ______ from a business trip to France.

A) I come back

B) I came back

C) I never came back

D) I’ve just come back

8. Prices ________ in 1995 but then _____ in 1996.

A) rised _ falled

B) rose _ fell

C) have risen _ have fallen

D) rose _ have fallen

9. You ____________ to a word ____________

A) listened _ I haven’t said

B) didn’t listen _ I say

C) listened _ saying

D) haven’t listened _ I’ve said back

10. I can’t believe that ________________ the news.

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A) you haven’t read

B) you didn’t read

C) you don’t read

D) you read not

Bài tập 5: Bài tập Hiện tại hoàn thành và Quá khứ đơnI………my Maths homework yesterday. (to do)………Susan………to England by plane? (to go)They………a farm two weeks ago. (to visit)Jenny and Peggy………their brother. (not/to help)The children………at home last weekend. (not/to be)When………you………this wonderful skirt? (to design)My mother………into the van. (not/to crash)The boys………the mudguards of their bicycles. (to take off)………you………your aunt last week? (to phone)He………milk at school. (not/to drink)The police………two people early this morning. (to arrest)She………to Japan but now she………back. (to go – to come)Dan………two tablets this year. (already/to buy)How many games………so far this season? (your team/to win)………the CN Tower when you………in Toronto? (you/to visit – to stay)………your homework yet? – Yes, I………it an hour ago. (you/to do – to finish)There………an accident in High Street, so we have to use King Street to get to your school. (to be)I………Peter since I………last Tuesday. (not/to see – to arrive)Frank………his bike last May. So he………it for 4 months. (to get – to have)20) I’m sorry, I………earlier, but I………a lot lately. (not/to write – to work)Peter……… football yesterday.They……… the car. It looks new again.John and Peggy……… the book. Now they can watch the film.I……… my friend two days ago.We……… another country before.She……… a new car in 2011.I’m sorry, but I……… my homework.……… the game of chess?The girls……… their lunch yet.I………my keys, so I can’t open that door. (to lose)Columbus………in the New World in 1492. (to arrive)Nina………her leg. She is still in hospital. (to break)He………here all his life. (to live)Colin………for Brazil this morning. (to leave)Last winter Robin………with his father in the Alps for three days. (to stay)Ellen………with her left hand. (always/to write)She………a language course in Paris last summer. (to do)………anyone………yet? (to phone)I………Paul today, but I………him last Sunday.Bài tập 6: Tìm lỗi sai và sửa lỗi trong các câu dưới đâyI haven’t cutted my hair since last June.She has not working as a teacher for almost 5 years.The lesson haven’t started yet.Has the cat eat yet?I am worried that I hasn’t still finished my homework yet.